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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

DATS OF THE INSCRIPTIONS.                                          107

and basso-relievos, were disinterred ; and the inscriptions, as partially deci-
phered, would seem to indicate that the mound was occupied by several dif-
ferent monasteries ; three of which, according to General Cunningham, bore
the names of Sanghamittra-sada Vihara, Huvishka Yihara, and Kundokhara,*
or as it may be read, Kunda-Suka Vihara. On the pedestal of a seated figure
was found recorded the first half of a king's name, Vasu ; the latter part
was broken away, but the lacuna should probably be supplied with the word
4dcva,' as a group of figures inscribed with the name of King Vasudeva
and date 87 was discovered in 1871 at a neighbouring mound called
the * Kankali tila.* The most numerous remains were portions of stone railing
of the particular type used to enclose Buddhist shrines and monuments. The
whole were made over to the Agra museum, where the railings were roughly put
together in such a way as to indicate the original arrangement/ The entire
collection has since been again removed elsewhere, I believe to Allahabad ; but
as there is no proper building for their reception there, nobody appears to
know anything about them, and it is very much to be regretted that they were
ever allowed to be taken from Mathurii. Many of the pillars were marked
with figures as a guide to the builder ; and thus we learn that one set, for they
were of various sizes, consisted of at least as many as 129 pieces. There were
also found three large seated figures of Buddha, of which two were fall, the
third a little less than life-size ; and the bases of some 30 large columns. It was
chiefly round these bases that the Inscriptions were engraved. One of the most
noticeable fragments was a stone hand, measuring a foot across the palm, which
must have belonged to a statue not less than from 20 to 24 feet in height.

Most of the sculptures were executed in common red sandstone and were
of indifferent workmanship? in every way Inferior to the specimens more
recently discovered at other mounds in the neighbourhood. The mor* artistic
was the figure of a dancing-girl, rather more than half life-size, in a tolerably
natural and graceful attitude.! Like the so-called figure of Silcnus, discovered
by James Frinsep In 18363 of which a detailed description will be given far-
ther on, it was thought that It might have been the work of a Greek artist.
TMs conjecture, though I do not accept It myself, involves no historical diffi-
culty, since In the Yuga-Purana of the Gargi-Sanhita, written about the year

* It must be admitted that Kondokhara, i. ., Kunda-pughkara, is a rety questionable com-
since the two members of which it is composed would bear each precisely the satoe

fTwo itpmes&i&tiGEa of $hia Ugtute aye given In Cunningham V Afdhaoiogical